Tuesday, 24 May 2011
Movement in Fish
- Move Forward
- Change Direction , Brake or Stop
Fish has a streamllined body shape which allows it to move easily through the water with minimal frictional drag
The body of a fish is covered with scales that overlap one another with the free end pointing backwards to reduced frictional drag in the water.
The movement of fish in water is due to the antagonistic action of the W shaped segmental block of muscles (myotomes ) on both sides of the backbone and the action of its fins
Locomotion in Fish Forward Movement
During swimming, the tails is swept from side to side to bend the body on either side alternately and produce a thrust that propels the fish forward.
The sweeping of the tail is due to the contraction and relaxation of the myotome on either side of the body that work antogonistically against the backbone.
The contraction of the myotome on the right side of the body will bend the tail to the right, while the contraction of myotome on the left side of body will bend the tail to the left.
Locomotion in Fish Balancing body
The function of the fins in fish is to maintain the balance of the body during swimming.
The paired fins consists of the pectoral fins and the pelvic fins
The pectoral fins are used for steering, to change direction and as a brake to slow down or stop the movement
The pelvic fins are used for balance and to keep the fish stead by preventing driving and rolling movements.
The unpaired fins consist of one dorsal find, one ventral and one caudal fin or tail. The tail is the propulsion organ. The other unpaired fins are used for balancing by preventing rocking and rolling movement.