Friday, 10 June 2011

Concept of Balance Diet


A balance diet is one which contains the correct proportions of all the different food requirement of the body.

A balanced diet should supply enough energy for each day activities

A balance diet consist of the following food requirement

Carbohydrates and lipids to provide energy for all the activities in the body

Protein to build new tissues for growth and repair damaged tissues

Vitamins to prevent diseases and for normal healthy development

Mineral salts which are essential for normal healthy growth and development

Fibres as roughage to stimulate peristalsis and prevent constipation

Water which is needed as medium for all chemical reactions in the cells. It helps to transport substances that are needed by the cells and remove metabolic wastes. It also help to distribute and regulated body heat



Factors affecting the daily energy requirement of the body

 Individual requires energy that is sufficient to carry out all living processes such as heart beating, breathing, growing, excreting and regulating body temperature of 37 C


Energy is obtained from the oxidation of glucose during cell respiration

The unit for energy is joule (J)

The energy value or calorific value is the quantify of heat produced when one gram of food is completely oxidised. Example of energy value in certain food are as follow

Carbohydrates 22.2 kJ per gram

Protein 17.2 kJ per gram

Lipids – 38.5 kJ per gram

One calorie or 4.2 J is the quantity of heat required to raise temperature of 1 gram of water by 1C. The energy value in a certain food can be determined by using the following formula


Energy value = (Mass of water gram x Increase in temp C x 4.2) mass of food (g)

The daily energy requirement of the body varies from individual to individual and depends on the following factors

Age


Sex


Body size and weight


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1 comment:

  1. Thanks for a wonderful share. Your article has proved your hard work and experience you have got in this field. Brilliant .i love it reading. phenq

    ReplyDelete